Does Fracking Threaten Future of Ohio Organic Farms?
COLUMBUS, Ohio - Certified organic farming is a growing business in Ohio, but some farmers warn that the threat of contamination from hydraulic fracturing could dampen its future. Some of the chemicals used in fracking have been identified as naturally-occurring toxic substances, metals, and radioactive materials.
In eastern Ohio, Mick Luber is a certified organic grower and owner of Bluebird Farm in Cadiz. He says several well pads and a compressor station are located near his land. He is worried about contamination of soil, water, and air, and what it could mean for his organic certification.
"I'm in a quandary about the production on my farm being of good quality," says Luber. "Do I lose my business? I've put 30 years into this soil to make this soil grow. You don't just go someplace and oh, well it's bad here, I'll just go over the hill."
If prohibited substances, including some fracking chemicals, are detected on a certified organic farm, the producer may have to wait at least three years before becoming eligible for recertification. Ohio is home to more than 700 certified organic operations and nearly 57,000 acres of certified organic land.
Luber says an air-quality monitor showed high levels of particulate matter on his farm. He says one time, he discovered water running white from springs coming out of a well pad near his land.
"The Ohio EPA had a 165-day investigation, supposedly, and said there was no problem," says Luber. "But from my estimation, somehow they fractured the rock structure so that anything spilled on that well pad site will get into that water and flow down through the stream."
Besides drilling sites, there are pipelines used to transport gas, and injection wells that store fracking waste throughout the state. In the event of an accident or spill, Luber says it's impossible to know the full extent of the danger.
"What they're doing is a bad idea," he says. "Any cement you put in is going to crack sometime. So, all these wells are eventually going to leak. And if they have all these chemicals in these wells, they're going come up and they're going to affect the groundwater, and they're going to affect people's health."
Supporters of hydraulic fracturing say it is an economic boon for the state, but opponents argue the risks outweigh the benefits.