PNS Daily News - December 11, 2019 

U.S. House to vote on two articles of impeachment; $1.4 trillion in planned oil & gas development said to put the world in "bright red level" of climate crisis; anti-protest legislation moves forward in Ohio; "forest farming" moves forward in Appalachia; and someone's putting cowboy hats on pigeons in Nevada.

2020Talks - December 11, 2019 

18 years ago today, China joined the WTO. Now, China's in a trade war with the U.S. Also, House Democrats and the Trump administration made a deal to move forward with the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Trade Agreement.

New Study: OR Pigs and Poultry Feast on Seafood

October 31, 2008

Vancouver, BC – Chickens and pigs eat six times more seafood than people in the United States, because they're fed pellets made from forage fish, the small fish that are the ocean food source for larger fish, mammals and seabirds. A nine-year study just released by the University of British Columbia (UBC), has found 37 percent the ocean fish caught worldwide are processed as animal feed.

The study calls the trend "alarming," and warns that it is stripping marine ecosystems. Dr. Ellen Pikitch, executive director of the Institute for Ocean Conservation Science, says there are few management plans in place to prevent overfishing, and some companies specialize in supplying forage fish.

"For example, in the menhaden fishery, which is one of the largest fisheries we've got – they go out with spotter planes to search for schools of these forage fish from the air, and then set the nets specifically to catch them."

Fish are also fed to other fish. Pikitch says it takes three to five pounds of fishmeal to raise one pound of farm-raised salmon. In her view, that's hardly the best use of a finite resource.

"I think a lot of people enjoy anchovies on their pizza, and which one of us hasn't had sardines at one point or another? These are tasty, nutritious fish, and it seems a waste to be feeding them to other animals and using them as fertilizer."

Pikitch believes the marine reserve system Oregon is developing will help preserve some of the ocean habitat, although she says fishing restrictions would be required on larger areas of ocean to make a real difference. Opponents of such restrictions say forage fish are plentiful and inexpensive, as well as being a good nutrition source for animals.

Pikitch is chairing a new task force that plans to come up with scientific approaches to manage forage fishing by 2010.
The study, funded in part by the Pew Institute for Ocean Science, will be published in the November issue of the Annual Review of Environment and Resources. "Forage Fish: From Ecosystems to Markets," will also be posted on the Web site of the UBC project, at

Chris Thomas, Public News Service - OR