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Study Shows Being Bilingual Has Advantages for Toddlers

Children pick up new languages more quickly than adults because of the flexibility of the adolescent brain. (Greg Stotelmyer)
Children pick up new languages more quickly than adults because of the flexibility of the adolescent brain. (Greg Stotelmyer)
February 23, 2016

FRANKFORT, Ky. - A new study of bilingual and monolingual toddlers could be reason for parents to share this story in two languages.

Research in the Journal of Experimental Child Psychology shows children learning two languages perform better at certain problem-solving tasks than their monolingual peers.

Cristina Crivello, a Ph.D. student, University of Concordia in Montreal who led the study, says one-and-a-half-year-old bilingual children have abilities that are beneficial for people at any age.

"It's these specific cognitive abilities, like selective attention and cognitive flexibility, where they have to focus on relevant information and ignore distracting information," says Crivello.

Though there is no consensus yet on exactly how learning other languages improves the brain, Crivello suggests that switching between languages mirrors the process of switching between tasks.

Speaking another language can also improve children's chances of getting a job later in life, both at home and abroad.

Bridget Yaden, professor of Hispanic studies, Pacific Lutheran University whose third-grader is enrolled in a dual-immersion language program, says her son will be able to bring another set of skills to potential employers. Those employers could be in any number of countries around the world.

"Just the general ability to learn a second language or a third language, he could really go anywhere and be much more open to the cultural practices and really kind of make his way," says Yaden.

Children immersed in other languages can more easily pick them up because their brains are more receptive to acquiring language. Yaden, who also teaches foreign languages, says she can see how fast her son is progressing compared to her college students.

"He's definitely leaps and bounds beyond where my college students, who may have had the same amount of time with the language, are," she says. "He's definitely progressed much more quickly."

Yaden, who is fluent in Spanish, adds she didn't study a foreign language until high school.

Greg Stotelmyer , Public News Service - KY