PNS Daily News - December 12, 2019 

A House Committee begins debate on articles of impeachment; Washington state is set to launch a paid family, medical leave program; advocates for refugees say disinformation clouds their case; and a new barrier to abortion in Kentucky.

2020Talks - December 12, 2019 

Today’s the deadline to qualify for this month’s debate, and entrepreneur Andrew Yang made it - the only non-white candidate who’ll be on stage. Plus, former Secretary Julián Castro questions the order of primary contests.

New Report: One-Third Of Ocean Catch Goes To Livestock

November 10, 2008

California's fish troubles may go beyond the current salmon crisis. Amid warnings of overfishing in the Pacific and other oceans, a new report from the University of British Columbia finds that one-third of the fish caught worldwide is not for humans to consume, but for livestock feed. Each year more than 30 million tons of forage fish, such as anchovies and sardines, are ground up and made into feed for pigs, poultry and even farm-raised fish.

Dr. Ellen Pikitch, executive director for the Institute for Ocean Conservation Science, says this is a waste of a finite resource.

"On average, it takes about three to five pounds of fishmeal to create one pound of farmed salmon. So, you are basically turning three to five pounds of fish into one pound - and that is a net ecological loss."

According to Pikitch, forage fish are also used to make fertilizer and fish oil capsules. She believes there are other ways to add doctor-recommended fatty acids to one's diet.

"The fish eat algae, and the algae are the ones that are actually producing the Omega-3 fatty acids directly. And there are some companies that are starting to produce the equivalent of fish oil capsules, without using the fish."

The report indicates chickens and pigs eat six times more fish than most human Americans, and suggests that soy and other crops could be used instead. Pikitch is leading a task force to come up with a plan to manage the forage fish harvest without depleting the oceans.

The companies that catch forage fish contend they are plentiful, inexpensive, and a good source of protein for animals.

The study, funded in part by the Pew Institute for Ocean Science, is in the November issue of the Annual Review of Environment and Resources. "Forage Fish: From Ecosystems to Markets," is also online at

Lori Abbott, Public News Service - CA