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PNS Daily News - October 23, 2020 

President Trump and Joe Biden square off in their final debate; warnings that "dark days" of the pandemic are yet to come; and food assistance now available for some wildfire victims.

2020Talks - October 23, 2020 

The second and last presidential debate was much more controlled than the first; President Trump keeping to his main themes, calmly rebutted by Biden.

Report: A Great Crisis for the Great Lakes

October 11, 2011

MICHIGAN CITY, IND. - Huge problems brewing in the waters of the Great Lakes require a new set of solutions. That's the finding of a new report showing a one-two punch is wreaking havoc on the Great Lakes' ecosystem, hammering Indiana's economy as a result.

The report from the National Wildlife Federation (NWF) finds that runoff from parking lots, farms, and other upland areas is causing a flood of nutrients in near-shore waters of the Great Lakes. At the same time offshore areas are starved for food sources due to an onslaught of invasive species.

Julie Mida Hinderer, a research assistant at the NWF and one of the study's lead authors, says it's clearly time for a new, localized approach to healing the Great Lakes, one that focuses on a smaller watershed scale.

"Different parts of the lakes are affected by very different problems. So, these one-size-fits-all management policy solutions aren't really going to work anymore."

Mida Hinderer stresses that for Indiana, this isn't just an environmental crisis, but an economic one.

"For every one dollar that gets invested in Great Lakes restoration, we get a return on that investment of two dollars in benefits to the economy. So, we think the Great Lakes are absolutely key to the economy."

Freshwater shrimp, which are important in Lake Michigan's fisheries, have declined by 94 percent in 10 years, while invasive mussel populations have exploded, with trillions found in Lake Michigan alone.

Members of the Federation took their findings all the way to Congress, testifying before a Senate committee. Their recommendations include buffer zones between farmland and waterways, adding provisions to the next national Farm Bill to curb runoff, and better enforcement of clean water laws.

The NWF report is at

Leigh DeNoon, Public News Service - IN