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Some South Dakota farmers are unhappy with industrial ag getting conservation funds; Texas judge allows abortion in Cox case; Native tribes express concern over Nevada's clean energy projects.

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The Colorado Supreme Court weighs barring Trump from office, Georgia Republicans may be defying a federal judge with a Congressional map splitting a Black majority district and fake electors in Wisconsin finally agree Biden won there in 2020.

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Texas welcomes more visitors near Big Bend but locals worry the water won't last, those dependent on Colorado's Dolores River fear the same but have found common ground solutions, and a new film highlights historical healthcare challenges in rural Appalachia.

Juneteenth Commemorates Important Chapter in Black History

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Monday, June 19, 2023   

Today marks a historic chapter in American history for Black people.

On this date in 1865, slaves in Texas learned they were free from servitude - more than two years after President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation.

The name "Juneteenth" is a combination of the month and date when Union Army General Gordon Granger made the announcement in Galveston.

Eunice Trotter is director of the Indiana Landmarks Black Heritage Preservation Program. She said the historic date has an Indiana connection.

"Indiana's United States Colored Troops 28 went to Galveston, Texas," said Trotter. "And at gunpoint, in many cases, forced the release of African Americans."

By the 1860s, Indiana had more than 60 Black settlements.

The official name for the holiday is Juneteenth National Independence Day. It is celebrated with family-themed festivals, parades, plays, poetry readings and more.

President Joe Biden signed the bill creating the holiday into law in 2021.

Research from the National Archives says between the 1910s and 1970s, six million freed slaves and their descendants traveled to the northern, midwestern and western U.S.

They wanted to escape discriminatory "Jim Crow" laws and pursue better economic and educational opportunities.

But Trotter said many of the freed slaves in Texas did not join what is known historically as "The Great Migration."

"My understanding is a lot of those people stayed there in Galveston," said Trotter. "They did not leave and run off after freedom, because they were free to be there."

A 2021 Brookings Institute study of Census Bureau data shows in the late 1970s, the "New Great Migration" emerged.

Many young Black, college-educated people, discouraged by race riots, discrimination and jobs lost to industrialization, began returning to the South.


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