MO Schools' Seclusion, Restraint Incidents Shared for First Time
Monday, January 30, 2023
Missourians can now see how often their schools use seclusion and restraint to address student behavior.
A 2021 law requires that schools report these incidents to the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, beginning this school year.
State Rep. Ian Mackey, D-St. Louis, said he proposed the original bill after many parents shared their children's school discipline experiences, many of whom qualified for special education services.
He said it allows the use of seclusion or restraint under very limited conditions.
"It cannot be used as a form of punishment," said Mackey. "It cannot be used punitively to teach a child a lesson. It must only be used if a child poses a threat, and as soon as the threat is mitigated, the seclusion and restraint must cease. That is what the law says."
The law also requires that schools notify parents when these interventions are used with their child.
Just over 600 Missouri students were secluded and 1,565 were restrained in the first half of the current school year.
Mackey said he hopes this law promotes the use of more positive approaches to behavior change in Missouri schools.
Amy Gott reported that her son was frequently secluded or restrained from first through fifth grade and that - in the beginning - the school rarely notified her.
In addition to being isolated from peers, Gott said he missed out on what was being taught when he was sent to what was known as the "recovery room."
"He would tell me, 'Well, she would sit me down in front of the same worksheet that they had in the classroom that I didn't understand, and tell me to work on it,'" Gott quoted her son had said. "And he said, 'I just didn't understand it.'"
Gott's son was eventually diagnosed with Asperger's, a high-functioning form of autism.
She began homeschooling him in fifth grade. She said she believes it was the school's misinterpretation of his behavior that led to years of being secluded from the classroom.
"A lot of times, at first especially, it would be like the rest of the day," said Gott. "And I mean from 10 o'clock on. Instead of him having autism and not understanding, he was being defiant."
Restraint and seclusion: Resource document the U.S. Department of Education 5/1/12
Controversial and often used, these little-known practices cause harm, even death, among U.S. schoolchildren CT Insider 10/27/22
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